Korean Music Class for Gifted Children

Traditional Culture Foundation has planned the nation’s first Korean music class for gifted children using the Western Classical music educational system. Its purpose is to discover and foster gifted children through Western Classical music educational methods, such as sight-reading training and stage business. Operated by the Federation of Artistic & Cultural Organizations of Korea, Traditional Culture Foundation, and the Music Academy in Korea Artists Center, Korean Music Class for Gifted Children offers the latest educational facilities and teachers with qualified musical and educational abilities. Korean Music Class for Gifted Children teaches development of music education through a systematic and in-depth curriculum. For children who first encounter Korean music, or children who have not learned music in an organized curriculum, we provide several types of classes from beginning level classes, that teach traditional folk song, carol or children’s song in school textbook, to advanced classes, that teach authentic Korean music like Jung-ak, classical court music, or San-jo, Korean solo music which is performed very slowly.

This program has two classes, one for children aged 7 to 13 years old, and the other for middle school teenagers. It is divided into two semesters; each 15 weeks. The class is for 3 hours, every Saturday, from 10 A.M. to 1 P.M. For 1 hour, children will take part in a listening integrated class, and for the next 2 hours, they will be separated into small group of 5 and learn specific instruments of their major. At the end of the program, children will perform in front of their teacher, friends, and family at a graduation concert held in Academy Hall. This course costs 800,000 won per semester.

auditions will be held every Saturday, at the academy’s practice room. If you want to major in Pansori, folk song in Gyeonggi-do, or Gayageum(Korean zither with twelve strings), you must prepare one folk song or children’s song for the audition. If you want to major in traditional pipe or Daegeum, you must play Danso, short bamboo flute, for the audition. If you want to major Heageum or Janggu, you must play those instruments.

 

Class Time Table

– Integrate Class (1 hour)

1stsemester sight-reading training/stage business (using the example of the National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts)
2ndsemester sight-reading training/stage business (using the example of Seoul Arts Center Concert Hall)

 

– Class per Group (2 hours)

Pansori

Pansori is a kind of traditional Korean song that consists of singers using gestures along with their singing. Almost all Pansori songs have dramatic characteristics, requiring singers to act according to the story being told.

Pansori is divided into six specific genres, and among them, children will learn several Dangas or short songs that the singers sing to warm up their voice, and parts of full-scale songs in this class.

 

1stsemester 2ndsemester
# contents # contents
1 Warming up.Danga (“Immortal Rivers And Mountains”). 1 Review the lesson in 1st semester
2 Review.Dange (“Immortal Rivers And Mountains”). 2 Review, “Love Song” in Story of Chunhyang
3 3 “Love Song” in Story of Chunhyang
4 Review. Danga (“Doong Doong Doong My Daughter” in Story of Shimcheong). 4
5 Review (Story of Shimcheong).Danga. Jajinmori(secondly fastest beat in traditional Korean music) 5 Songs in school textbook(“Play with a Freshwater Tortoise”)

 

6 Review (Story of Shimcheong).Danga. 6 Review(“Love Song” in Story of Chunhyang)
7 Danga (“Listen, My Father” in Story of Shimcheong) 7 Songs in school textbook(“Gate Game”, “Pick Bracken”)
8 Danga (review the all songs learned in classes) 8 Review(Songs in school textbook)
9 Danga, Folk song of the southern provinces of Gyeonggi-do 9 Review Danga, Review folk song
10 Folk song of the southern provinces of Gyeonggi-do 10 “Call the Painters!” in the Story of Rabbit and Terrapin.
11 Folk song of the southern provinces of Gyeonggi-do 11 the Story of Rabbit and Terrapin.
12 Review the folk song of the southern provinces of Gyeonggi-do. 12
13 Danga (“Song for Friends”) 13
14 Review Danga(“Song for Friends”) 14 Review (the Story of Rabbit and Terrapin.)
15 Entire Review of 1st semester 15 “Daejanggunbang” in Story of Heungbu

 

folk music in Gyeonggi-do

Korean folk music has distinctive characteristics depending on the regions. Among them, folk music in Gyeonggi province has a relatively clear, gentle, cheerful and melody with cheerful lyrics. Although It is very popular and can be heard very frequently, it is actually one of the hardest genres to sing.

In this class, children will learn how to sing several traditional folk music songs. In the first semester, they will learn Taryeong, traditional Korean ballad, and other ordinary folk songs. In the second semester, they will learn several Japgas, which were sung by working class during the late Joseon dynasty. folk songs in Gyeonggi-do have 12 representative Japgas: we will teach several selective songs among them.

1st semester 2nd semester
# contents # contents
1 Understanding of Korean folk musicVocal exercise 1 Understanding of Japga in Gyeonggi-do”Dalgeori”
2 2
3 Vocal exercise”Arirang” 3
4 4 “Dalgeori”, “Jipjangga” among 12 Japga
5 Vocal exercise”Arirang”

“Balloon Flower Taryeong”

5
6 “Balloon Flower Taryeong””Nodeul Riverside”

“Han River Taryeong”

6
7 7 “Swallow Song” among 12 Japga
8 8
9 “Gyeongbokgung Palace Taryeong” 9 “Dalgeori”, “Jipjangga”
10 “Gyeongbokgung Palace Taryeong””Han River Taryeong”

“Nodeul Riverside”

10 “Dalgeori”, “Swallow Song”
11 “Han River Taryeong””Nodeul Riverside”

“Yang san Province”

11 “Jipjangga”, “Swallow Song”
12 “Gyeongbokgung Palace Taryeong””Yang san Province”

“Song of Youth”

12 Review Japga and other songs learned in 1st semester
13 “Song of Youth””Yangsan Province” 13
14 14
15 Final Review 15 Final Review

 

Heageum

Heageum is a rubbed string instrument with two strings made from horsehair. It is one of the traditional instruments that has been used widely. It was played as court music to folk music, since first being invented in the Goryeo dynasty.

In this class, children will learn how to play this unique instrument through several practice songs. In first semester, children will play children’s song which are really popular, and in second semester, children will play traditional songs like Taryeong(traditional Korean ballad), Chwita(music performed at palace’s annual event), Sanjo(solo music for specific instrument), and Christmas carols.

1st semester 2n dsemester
# contents # contents
1 Introducing the music instrumentMusic appreciation 1 folk music in Gyeonggi-do (“Arirang”)
2 Learning technique to perform like how to hold its bow 2 “Arirang””Balloon Flower Taryeong”
3 Learning technique to perform”Butterfly” 3 “Balloon Flower Taryeong”, “Arirang”, “Nodeul Riverside”
4 4 Taryeong
5 Learning technique to perform”School Bell” 5 Taryeong, Chwita
6 6
7 “Butterfly”, “School Bell” 7
8 8
9 “Butterfly”, “School Bell”, “Bird, Bird, Blue Bird” 9 Carol (“Silent Night Holy Night”)
10 10 “Silent Night Holy Night”, “Jingle Bells”
11 “Bird, Bird, Blue Bird”, “Rabbit in Mountain” 11 “Jingle Bells”, “Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer”
12 “Bird, Bird, Blue Bird”, “Rabbit in Mountain”, “Forsythia” 12 Sanjo (Jinyang)
13 13
14 “Bird, Bird, Blue Bird”, “Forsythia”, “Mountain Spring” 14
15 Final Review 15 Final Review (children’s song, folk song, carol, sanjo)

 

Gayageum

Gayageum is traditional Korean instrument with 12 strings. According to the Samguksagi (1145), a history of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, King Gasil of the Gaya confederacy made this instrument, observing an old Chinese instrument named guzheng. Among the many kinds of gayageum are the beopgeum (law-zither), pungnyu (elegance), jeong-ak (formal music) or gayageum. Children will learn the sanjo gayageum, which was most commonly used during the 19th century. Sanjo gayageum is shorter in length and its strings are spaced closer: these characteristics enable a musician to play faster passages required for sanjo.

1st semester 2nd semester
# contents # contents
1 Introduction and history of gayageum 1 Playing “Milyang Arirang” by understanding the Semachi beat(fast six-four time or nine-eight time)
2 correct posture to play gayageumHow to tune sanjo gayageum 2
3 3 “Balloon Flower”
4 Understanding of how to breathe and make a sound of gayageum 4 “Jindo Arirang”
5 Basic playing styles of right handHow to make a sound of gayageum 5 Playing “Song for Rich Year” by understanding the Gutgeori beat(slow quadruple tune for Korean traditional percussion band)
6 How to read staff notationHow to play gayageum (plucking) 6
7 How to read staff notationHow to play gayageum (picking) 7 “Nuilririya”
8 How to read staff notationHow to play gayageum (flicking) 8 Understanding the melody using Jungmori beat(twelve-four time)
9 Basic playing styles of left hand for grace notes 9
10 Correct playing styles of right hand and left hand 10
11 “Arirang” (with grace note) 11
12 The concept of Sambunbak 12 Understanding the melody using Gutgeori beat
13 Song which has Sambunbak (“Hide Hide deeply”) 13
14 Arirang which has Sambunbak 14
15 Understanding the Beat(by clap and chant) 15 Final Review

 

Daegeum

Daegeum is a large bamboo flute which was developed during the Silla dynasty. With sogeum and junggeum, it is part of “Silla Samjuk”, which means three bamboos of Silla. It is widely used in a variety of generes, from court, aristocratic, to folk music. Its buzzing membrane produces a special timbre, which is the unique characteristic of daegeum. According to Korean mythology of Silla, a legendary daegeum called Manpasikjeok had the special power to stop wind, wave, enemy and even disease.

1st semester 2nd semester
# contents # contents
1 Introducing daegeum and its history 1 Semachi beat(fast six-four time or nine-eight time), “Arirang”
2 How to make the sound (shape of lips, correct posture to blow it, how to breathe) 2 “Balloon Flower”
3 3 “Milyang Arirang”
4 Fingering of daegeumHow to make the note by Pyeongchwi(normal sound) 4 Gutgeori beat(slow quadruple tune for Korean traditional percussion band), “Nuilririya”
5 5 “Cheonan three-way intersection”
6 How to read staff notationPractice several songs 6 Jajinmori Beat, “Gunbam Ta-ryeong (song of roasted chestnut)”
7 Practice several songs concentrating on respiration 7 History and fingering of sanjo(solo)
8 Pyeongchwi(normal sound), Gochwi(high sound), “Bird, Bird, Blue Bird” 8 Melody which has Jungmori beat(twelve-four time)
9 staff notation/beat,”Children in New World” 9
10 “Pongdang Pongdang” with staff notation 10
11 “Baby in the House at Island” 11
12 Gochwi(high sound), “Half Moon” 12 Melody which has Jungjungmori beat
13 “In the Flower Garden” 13
14 “Our Wish” 14
15 “100 great men who bring honors to Korea” 15 Final Review

 

Piri (Korean Pipe)

Piri is a traditional Korean musical instrument with a double reed. Although it has narrow range of sound, it plays a important role as a leading instrument in traditional Korean orchestra. There are several kinds of piri, such as hyang piri for court music and folk music, Dang piri for court music and royal ancestral memorial rites music, and se piri for accompaniment.

1st semester 2nd semester
# contents # contents
1 How to make sound 1 “Yeombuldodeuri” among folk music “Daepungryu”
2 2
3 Scale practice with several songs 3 “Yeombuldodeuri”, “Banyeombul”
4 4 “Banyeombul”,  Gutgeori beat(slow quadruple tune for Korean traditional percussion band)
5 Scale practice with “Arirang” 5
6 6 “Suyeonjangjigok” among court music “Yuchosinjigok”
7 “Arirang”, “Balloon Flower Taryeong” 7
8 “Arirang”, “Balloon Flower Taryeong”, “Nodeul Riverside” 8
9 9 Sanjo (jinyang)
10 Taryeong chapter 1 in folk music 10
11 Taryeong chapter 2,3 in folk music 11
12 Taryeong chapter 1,2,3 in folk music 12
13 “Seryeong Mountain” among court music “Yuchosinjigok” 13 Sanjo (JJungmori beat – twelve-four time)
14 14
15 15 Final Review

 

Janggu

Janggu, also called seyogo, is a kind of small drums, which has a hourglass-shaped body and two heads made of animal skin. Performers play this instrument using their bare left hand to hit left head, and a small stick to hit right head. It has been widely used in folk music and court music till today since its introduction to Goryeo dynasty from Song dynasty of China.

1st semester 2nd semester
# contents # contents
1 Learn the name of the parts of Janggu and Samdoseol beat 1 basic rhythm of Jajinmori(secondly fastest beat in traditional Korean music)
2 How to hold small stick and how to make sound 2 advanced rhythm of Jajinmori
3 Technique to play (Gung, Gugung, Tta, Giduck, Dung) and how to breathe during playing 3
4 4 Jajinmori and Dongsalpuri
5 basic rhythm of Hwimori (fastest beat in traditional Korean music) 5 Jajinmori, Dongsalpuri, and HwimoriHow to breathe during playing
6 advanced rhythm of Hwimori 6
7 7 basic rhythm of Gutgeori beat(slow quadruple tune for Korean traditional percussion band)How to breathe during playing
8 8 advanced rhythm of Gutgeori beatHow to breathe during playing
9 basic rhythm of Dongsalpuri (four-four time) 9
10 advanced rhythm of Dongsalpuri (four-four time) 10
11 11 Gutgeori, jajinmori, dongsalpuri, hwimori
12 12
13 Hwimori and Dongsalpuri 13 Daseureum beat (short song to tune the instrument)How to breathe during playing
14 14 “Samdoseoljanggo”
15 Songs which has Hwimori and Dongsalpuri beat 15 Final Review

 

 

 

 

 

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